All roads lead to Rome (Roma), and we strongly invite you to visit the city and its architectural masterpieces, the historic center full of rare historical wealth, 28 centuries old.
The number of unmissable monuments such as the Coliseum, the Pantheon, Palazzo Venezia and the Roman Forum are to be done on foot, to make the most of the narrow streets and the Roman atmosphere.
But do not be fooled, Rome is not that Ancient and balance past present is particularly well proportioned, you like to shop? The Italian capital will be able to feast the snags of shopping.
The city is accessible on average at 2:30 am from the main European destinations and makes it a perfect city to visit during an extended weekend. Many cruisers also offer a stopover in Rome by staying at the port of Civitavecchia, 1h30 drive.
Gourmets will also find their account, Italy is known for its pasta that is part of the daily life of the inhabitants. Moreover they are served in “primi piatti” that is to say in entry. The pizza is also the emblem of Italy, and Rome also has its little specialty, the Pizza Bianca and Pizza alla Romana is a pizza dough coated with olive oil and decorated with small leaves of rosemary.
The best time to visit the Italian capital is between April and November, the months of July and August being those where the climate will be ideal.
So do not hesitate to create memories by browsing the different areas of Tridente, Aventine and Testaccio, Historical Center, Tratevere and Janiculum, Vatican City and Prati, Monti and Esquiline, Without Giovanni and Celio, Trevi and Quirinal
Around the twelfth century. BC, a population of Indo-European origin, the Latins, settled in the Lazio area alongside many other populations including the Etruscans, Volsci and Sabines. Towards the 10th century before JC, a part of them settles near the Tibetan island, which allows them to control the fluvial traffic and offers an easy crossing of the river; the presence of nearby hills also helps to defend against attacks.
Rome would have been founded by Romulus in
– 753, and in any case in the 8th century. before JC, by the fusion of several tribes, of which Etruscan tribes. The first leaders were kings; their main field of action reported by Latin authors is not always certain.
Romulus: founds the civil institutions and the Senate
Numa Pompilius: (- 715, – 673), king virtuous sabin, creates the temple of Janus, the Vestals, the Great Pontiff; it divides the year into 12 months and regulates religious holidays.
Tullus Hostillius: (- 672, – 641), bellicose Latin king, begins to expand the territory by beating the Sabins and annexing Alba Longa.
Ancus Marcius: (- 641, – 616), grandson or great grandson of Numa Pompilius is a pious king who reestablishes religious practice. He built the first bridge of Rome: the Sublicius wooden bridge, annex the Janiculum, founds Ostia, port of Rome and develops salt works, fortifies the mouth of the Tiber, builds a prison because of a nascent delinquency.
Tarquin the Elder: (- 616, – 575), king of Etruscan origin, built the Forum, the Circus Maximus and the cloaca maxima.
Servius Tullius (- 575, – 535), King of Etruscan origin, first unelected kings. It institutes the census and divides the population into 5 classes according to the paid tax; he creates the Servian fortifications around the city. More and more authoritarian and demagogue, he is murdered by his son-in-law who becomes king.
Tarquin the Superb: (- 535, – 509), arrogant and depraved, is hunted in – 509, and with him, the Etruscans lose some of their influence, although their civilization will continue to strongly mark the nascent Roman civilization.
Top 10 Places Rome
Our application proposes the history of 89 monuments and remarkable sites including the unavoidable places to discover Rome. Here is a selection of the top 10 monuments of the city, with an extract of the texts available in the application and written by our teams of specialists. For the full content, download our Android and iPhone guide and start creating your travel diary for your stay in the city.
Backed by the Palazzo Poli, its construction was commissioned from Niccolo Salvi in 1732 and completed in 1762. It perpetuates the theatrical effect of the Baroque style: a colossal decor, a statue of the Ocean on a ship seems to sweep with passion, effect reinforced by the sound of water, in opposition to other more static sculptures.
Saint Peter’s basilica
The construction of a first basilica was ordered by Emperor Constantine in the 4th century, including the place where St. Peter was buried. After many reconstructions, Pope Julius II decided in 1506 to build the gigantic basilica today.
Castel Sant Angelo
Hadrian wanted the same thing as Augustus: a mausoleum worthy of an emperor. His ashes were deposited in the vast travertine rotunda, in 139. Given its position close to the walls, it will be very vitedétourné for military purposes. Then, transformed into prison, four popes will find death there in the troubled times of the ninth century.
Do you know that it is still the largest unarmed concrete dome built to date, a diameter of forty-three meters inside, which is also the total height of the building. In the heart of the Champ de Mars, between the baths of Nero and those of Agrippa, the Pantheon so named by Pliny the Elder, was dedicated “to all the Gods”, as its name indicates it. The first reconstruction, wanted by Agrippa in 27 BC, was rectangular in shape, more classical.
Basilica of San Ambrogio and San Carlo al Corso
The two saints are the patron saints of Milan. It was built by Onorio and Martino Longhi from 1612 to 1672, the dome (the third largest in Rome) is the work of Pietro da Cortona and the frescoes of the vault are by Giacinto Brandi. This church with 3 naves and side chapels is huge; the decoration is late baroque style. It has a Gothic element: the ambulatory.
For the inauguration of the Colosseum, in 80 after J-C under the reign of Titus, was organized among other fights, a naumachie. This spectacle was the constitution of a naval battle, that of Corinth on Corcyra. It put in place considerable means, which only the Roman Emperors could afford.
The origin of the museum dates back to 1471, when Pope Sixtus IV gave the city of Rome a large collection of bronzes (including the Capitol wolf), first displayed in front of the guild hall and in its courtyard. The collection is gradually enriched by the donations of various popes and was placed inside the palace of the conservatives.
After the sack of Rome in 1527, Pope Paul III entrusted Michelange with the reworking of the site. The latter built a majestic staircase facing the new city, finished by two statues of Roman period representing Castor and Pollux.
The building, begun by Caesar to rival the theater built by Pompey in Rome, and completed by Auguste in -13, is dedicated to Auguste’s nephew, Marcellus. Pieces were presented in which 3 actors on stage were in dialogue with the choir occupying the orchestra. It is one of the first stone theaters in Rome; its facade was covered with white travertine.
Obviously, you see it everywhere, imposing, immaculate white, it dominates everything and yet it is the youngest monument in Rome. Known under the name of Monument to Victor Emmanuel II, he surely had as many nicknames as the Center Pompidou in Paris: rack, typewriter … However, its symbolic role is fundamental in this country that is not more than 150 years. Between 1885 and 1911, he celebrated the author of the Italian unification, Victor Emmanuel II (1820-1878), first king of Italy.
Features of the guide
With Monument Tracker, prepare your trip to Rome and discover all its secrets. Monuments, Restaurants, Hotels, Activities, Wellness, Museums, become your own guide, save time by creating your own travel diary, and share your tips with friends.
Activate the instant discovery and become a free explorer in the small cobblestone streets of Rome, you will be alerted of a nearby place during your walk.
Be sure to have your guide at all times as areas not covered by the network, and save costs for DATA abroad with the “offline map and guide” feature.
Let yourself be guided in Rome through original themed tours such as: “The follies of the Baroque”, “In the heart of the Trastevere district” or “Visit on foot leaving the Coliseum”
Your trip to Rome becomes a quest: Capture the places and collect them, play original games during breaks, quizzes, and go on a treasure hunt during your stay in Rome
Week end in Rome from 240 €
- Visit in 3 days
- Flight time: 2h
- When to go: April to November
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What to do ?
Selection of the best excursions and tourist attractions
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A selection of hotels, lodgings and apartments in Rome
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Selection of the best restaurants in Rome
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Find 1243 POIs in Rome in the free Monument Tracker World Guide and 100 other cities
Population: 2,877,215 inhabitants
Neighborhoods: Tridente, Aventine and Testaccio, Historical Center, Tratevere and Janiculum, Vatican City and Prati, Monti and Esquiline, Sans Giovanni and Celio, Trevi and Quirinal
Specialties: Pasta, Pizza, Ciambelle al vino, Crostata di Ricotta, Pollo alla Romana, Coda alla Vaccinara
Transport: Metro, Bus, Tram, Taxi