Hipogeos from biniai nou
History of Hipogeos from biniai nou at Menorca
There are two funeral hypogea in the neighborhood of Mahon; they date from the Chalcolithic (transitory period between the Neolithic and the Bronze Age), considered for the moment as the oldest period of the settlement of Menorca. They have the distinction of having their burial chambers dug in the same rock; their access corridors are made up of vertically raised stone slabs. The excavations were carried out by members of the Museum of Menorca; we can discover the objects found in this museum: funeral keychain, ceramic containers, chisel, fragments of "radiolarite" (type of rock used to make cutting tools). The carbon 14 method has made it possible to date a bone found in the hypogeum: it dates from the period (- 2290, - 2030). Monument 1 has a slightly concave façade; the entrance overlooks a corridor surmounted by two slabs of stones which leads to a slightly oval chamber with a kind of bench on one side. Monument 2 also has a concave façade and an entrance that opens onto a very low corridor; the chamber is circular and it was possible to highlight the presence of 81 bodies. The vault collapsed after these burials and it was only during the excavations that it was put back in place. We do not know if the date of the construction of this hypogeum corresponds to the arrival of the first inhabitants on the island. In any case they came by boat with their plants and their animals: goats, sheep, cows, pigs. They knew how to build dolmens and bury their dead.
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